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The Gate of Dawn in Vilnius

The Gate of Dawn in Vilnius
Ausra (Medininkai) Gate (16th c.) is one of nine gates in the defence wall of Vilnius. Through this gate merchants, artists, students and noblemen used to come to Renaissance Vilnius from Lyda, Grodno, Navahrudak, Cracow.

It was built between 1503 and 1522 as a part of defensive fortifications for the city of Vilnius, the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. It has also been known as the Medininkai Gate, as it led to the village Medininkai south of Vilnius as well as Aštra broma, which derivative for the Lithuanian language word aštra meaning sharp. Of the nine city gates, only the Gate of Dawn remains, while the others were destroyed by the order of the government at the end of the 18th century.